|NO||Title||Description||Date of Ratification||File|
|1||UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY (UNCBD)||The objectives of this Convention are the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, taking into account all rights over those resources and to technologies, and by appropriate funding.||2002||Click Here|
|2||UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION TO COMBAT DESERTIFICATION (UNCCD)||The objective of this Convention is to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought in countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa, through effective action at all levels, supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements, in the framework of an integrated approach which is consistent with Agenda 21, with a view to contributing to the achievement of sustainable development in affected areas. Achieving this objective will involve long-term integrated strategies that focus simultaneously, in affected areas, on improved productivity of land, and the rehabilitation, conservation and sustainable management of land and water resources, leading to improved living conditions, in particular at the community level.||2002||Click Here|
|3||UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE (UNFCCC)||The ultimate objective of this Convention and any related legal instruments that the
Conference of the Parties may adopt is to achieve, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention, stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. Such a level should be achieved within a time frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner.
|4||Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)||The objective of CITES is to prevent international trade from threatening the survival of wild fauna and flora. To achieve the above objective, CITES has established an international network for the control of international trade in live and dead animals and plants and of parts and derivatives thereof. Control of international trade in endangered species is primarily done through government permits/certificates required for such trade. Monitoring international trade is based on Trade Records.||1986||Click Here|
|5||Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer||The objectives of the Convention are for Parties to promote cooperation by means of systematic observations, research and information exchange on the effects of human activities on the ozone layer and to adopt legislative or administrative measures against activities likely to have adverse effects on the ozone layer.||2004||Click Here|
|6||Stockholm Convention||To protect the ozone layer by establishing criteria for predicting and controlling the emissions of ozone depleting substances in the world.||2004||Click Here|
|7||Montreal Convention||1999||Click Here|
|8||Rotterdam Convention||The objective to promote shared responsibility and cooperative efforts among Parties in the international trade of certain hazardous chemicals in order to protect human health and the environment from potential harm and to contribute to their environmentally sound use, by facilitating information exchange about their characteristics, by providing for a national decision-making process on their import and export and by disseminating these decisions to Parties.||2013||Click Here|
|9||Basel Convention||The purpose of the Convention is to reduce the volume of trans-boundary movement of hazardous materials subject to the Convention, creating the materials as harmless to the environment and actions of proper and effective management regarding transfer and disposal of mentioned substances.||2013||Click Here|
|10||Cartagena Protocol||The objective of this Protocol is to contribute to ensuring an adequate level of protection in the field of the safe transfer, handling and use of living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health, and specifically focusing on transboundary movements.
|11||Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS)||The Parties acknowledge the importance of migratory species being conserved and of Range States agreeing to take action to this end whenever possible and appropriate, paying special attention to migratory species the conservation status of which is unfavorable, and taking individually or in co-operation appropriate and necessary steps to conserve such species and their habitat. The Parties acknowledge the need to take action to avoid any migratory species becoming endangered.||2013||Click Here|
|12||Nagoya Protocol||The objective of this Protocol is the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, taking into account all rights over those resources and to technologies, and by appropriate funding, thereby contributing to the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components.||2016||Click Here|
|13||Minamata Convention on mercury||The objective of this Convention is to protect the human health and the environment from anthropogenic emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compound.||2017||Click Here|